By Mauricio de Maio, Berthold Rzany
Written through well known specialists, this ebook surveys using botulinum toxin A in aesthetic medication, together with sufferer choice and overview, in addition to ideas and standards. The ebook presents hands-on details for universal symptoms, similar to brow and glabella, lateral forehead raise, crow’s toes and decrease eyelid, bunny traces and marionette traces, nostril and nasolabial folds, cheeks and "gummy smile," higher and reduce lip, and the chin and neck. a bit with guidance and tips makes this publication a useful source for the training dermatologist, plastic surgeons and all different physicians drawn to the sector of aesthetic drugs.
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Additional info for Botulinum Toxin in Aesthetic Medicine
The Toxin . . . . . . . Tips and Tricks . . . . . . References . . . . . . . 21 21 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 23 24 24 The requirements and rules are basically the same for every aesthetic procedure. The following list is not intended to give a complete overview but to give some hopefully helpful advice when treating aesthetic indications with botulinum toxin (BNT). 2 Documentation A thorough documentation of all treatment-related data is highly recommended. Besides being useful for legal and billing reasons, thorough documentation will help to improve one’s own performance and thus patients’ satisfaction, too.
Botulinum toxin is a powerful agent for the upper third: it can erase wrinkles, lift the eyebrows and improve the eye contour. If the patient presents severe photo-damage, the skin of the three thirds is compromised and what can be improved in the skin appearance in the upper third, can barely be achieved in the lower and even less in the mid third. The question that should be asked now is: Is it reasonable to give a full treatment in the upper third while the mid and lower thirds cannot achieve the same performance?
Technique 2 presents a good performance when only the lateral aspect of the eyebrow needs elevation and there are not many horizontal fibers in the forehead, only in the midline (Fig. 35a,b). Technique 3 is undoubtedly the most appropriate for medial, intermediate and lateral eyebrow lifting, but must be conducted only by experienced injectors (Fig. 36a,b). The Most Common Indications Chapter 5 Fig. 27. Injection points for brow lift (technique 3). Here the total brow is treated with five injection points Fig.