By Eugene Borgida, Susan T. Fiske
Past good judgment addresses the numerous very important and arguable matters that come up from using mental and social technology within the court docket. each one bankruptcy identifies parts of medical contract and confrontation, and discusses how mental technology advances our realizing of human habit past universal sense.Features unique chapters written by way of a number of the major specialists within the box of psychology and legislations together with Elizabeth Loftus, Saul Kassin, Faye Crosby, Alice Eagly, Gary Wells, Louise Fitzgerald, Craig Anderson, and Phoebe EllsworthThe 14 concerns addressed comprise eyewitness id, gender stereotypes, repressed thoughts, Affirmative motion and the dying penaltyCommentaries written by way of top social technology and legislation students speak about key felony and medical topics that emerge from the technological know-how chapters and illustrate how mental technological know-how is or can be utilized within the courts
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Extra info for Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom
Patterns of ﬁndings that are peer reviewed, robust, and established via multiple methods are identiﬁed. , research described in Nelson’s chapter on the “young science of prejudice against older adults”). Still others, like the Anderson and Gentile chapter on media violence, review the “unequivocal scientiﬁc evidence” in the context of a general public and media industry that seems to believe (for various reasons discussed in the chapter) that the science is equivocal. The accuracy of polygraph exams, for example, has been scientiﬁcally challenged by independent review panels at the National Research Council and the National Academy of Science, yet, as Iacono’s chapter discusses, the widespread use of the polygraph continues in government agencies and elsewhere, and does not appear to diminish in forensic settings either.
General Accounting Ofﬁce (1990) as “remarkably consistent across data sets, states, data collection methods, and analytic techniques” (p. 5). Racial stereotypes may nonetheless play a signiﬁcant role in determining which individual defendants receive the death penalty. One recent study has examined whether a stereotypically Black appearance increases the likelihood that a defendant will be sentenced to death. In this study, Eberhardt, Davies, Purdie-Vaughns, and Johnson (2006) presented the photographs of convicted African American defendants eligible to receive the death penalty in Philadelphia between 1979 and 1999 to study participants who were unaware that the photographs depicted convicted murders.
Chapleau, K. M. (2004). The inﬂuence of Afrocentric facial features in criminal sentencing. Psychological Science, 15, 674–679. Bonczar, T. P. (2003). S. population, 1974–2001. S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC. S. 483 (1954). , & Langan, P. A. (2001). Policing and homicide, 1976–98: Justiﬁable homicide by police, police ofﬁcers murdered by felons. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Cole, D. (1999). No equal justice: Race and class in the American criminal justice system. New York: New Press.