By Jonathan Oates
Generations of Londoners from Roman instances to the current day have faced common and man-made threats to their urban. mess ups, rebellions, riots, acts of terror and warfare have marked the lengthy background of the capital - and feature formed the nature of its humans. during this evocative account Jonathan Oates recollects in vibrant element the perils Londoners have confronted and describes how they coped with them. Jack Cade's uprising and the Gordon Riots, the nice Plague and the good hearth, Zeppelin raids, the Blitz, terrorist bombings - those are only some of the amazing risks that experience torn the cloth of town and wrecked the lives of such a lot of of its population. This gripping narrative supplies a desirable perception into the tragic heritage of the town and it finds a lot concerning the altering attitudes of Londoners over the centuries.
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Additional resources for ATTACK ON LONDON: Disaster, Riot and War
There was little fighting. Roughly a quarter of the rebels that we know of were from London, the rest being Kentish. A total of 750 rebels were captured. 9 Despite this victory, Mary’s popularity slumped when she pursued her attempts to return England to the Roman Catholic Church. From 1555, some of her Protestant opponents (about 300) were burnt at the stake. Yet the martyrs at Smithfield and elsewhere helped create a lasting memory among the Protestant English of the horrors of Catholicism. Mary was known as ‘Bloody’ Mary.
A number of poll taxes had been levied in England in the new king’s reign. These were charged per head of population, in order to help finance the ongoing war in France. However, the tax of 1381 was the last straw, especially as it was set at one shilling per person: treble the previous rate. Attempts at enforcement sparked off the revolt. Added to this was the concern about French raids on the coastal towns and hostility to political mismanagement and criticism of the Established Church. Finally, there was the wish to have serfdom abolished.
Threats Controlling London was of great importance in the civil conflicts of the Middle Ages and beyond, as both the Empress Maud in the twelfth century, and 500 years later, Charles I, found to their cost. London was to be the target of rival armies from the time of Boudicca to the eighteenth century. This is partly because control of London meant control of national revenue, and those that hold the purse strings must surely triumph eventually. Governments rarely left the capital unless in dire straits.