Download Animal Learning: An Introduction by Stephen Walker PDF

By Stephen Walker

Show description

Read Online or Download Animal Learning: An Introduction PDF

Similar zoology books

The real roadrunner

The roadrunner is an icon of the Southwest so you'll imagine there will be many reports out at the roadrunner already - yet it truly is one of many least understood and infrequently gets person exam. right here to right that deficit is the genuine ROADRUNNER, a advisor to the behavioral styles of the poultry. Martha Maxon is a retired zoologist and environmental advisor who grew up in southern Texas: her meeting of literature and technology concerning the roadrunner come from years of non-public statement and examine and supply a scholarly but obtainable survey.

Rhinoceros (Reaktion Books - Animal)

The rhinoceros’s horn and large leathery body belie its docile and solitary nature, inflicting the animal to be continually perceived through people as a monster to be feared. Kelly Enright now deftly sifts truth from fiction in Rhinoceros.            Enright chronicles the vexed interactions among people and rhinos, from early sightings that mistook the rhinoceros for the legendary unicorn to the eighteenth-century reveal of the rhinoceros in Europe as a ask yourself of nature and its creation to the yank public in 1830.

South Asian Mammals: Their Diversity, Distribution, and Status

In the past, info on mammals in South Asia hasn't ever been introduced jointly on a unmarried platform delivering all‐inclusive wisdom at the topic. This booklet is the main up‐to‐date accomplished source at the mammalian variety of South Asia. It deals details at the range, distribution and standing of 504 species of terrestrial and aquatic mammals present in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Additional info for Animal Learning: An Introduction

Sample text

The acquisition of conditioned reflexes A wide variety of experimental stimuli were used in Pavlov’s experiments bells, buzzers, pure tones, and the sounds of musical instruments, presentation of illuminated visual patterns, or the sight of gradually rotating objects. None of these artificial stimuli would normally induce a hungry dog to salivate, but if any of them were to be presented consistently for a few seconds before the dog was given food, then the ‘conditioned stimulus’ would by itself elicit copious salivation.

1970) reported rapid habituation of the gill-withdrawal reflex over the first 10 elicitations by a jet of seawater, separated by 3 minute intervals. The reflex recovered after a rest of two hours, but could also be brought back without this long rest if a long and strong tactile stimulus was applied to the neck region. In that report Pinkser et al. note that six of Thompson and Spencer’s nine characteristics of habituation (listed above, pp. 42—4) had been obtained in Aplysia, but that three others were absent: greater habituation with repeated periods of habituation and recovery(3); generalization of habituation to a stimulus in another part of the receptive field (7); and delayed recovery of the response when the habituation series is continued after the animal has stopped responding (6).

But, with due respect to the value of physiological research, it is a form of behaviourist fallacy to believe that such similarities mean anything profound, or that because Aplysia’s habituation takes this form ‘Studies along these lines could specify how long term memory is established and how it relates to the short term process’ (Kandel, 1976). Habituation in human infants and adults John Locke (1689/1982) shared the view that the learning abilities of molluscs were in a fundamental sense equivalent to those of the human species, but suggested that the factor of perceptual complexity ought to be considered as supplying a measure of difference between mollusc and man (his examples were cockles and oysters — see p.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.24 of 5 – based on 24 votes