By S. m. Drobenkov
This ebook summarizes the result of a long term research of amphibian distribution, ecology and morphology within the Republic of Belarus. For all amphibian species reminiscent of Triturus vulgaris, T. cristatus, Bombina bombina, Pelobates fuscus, Bufo bufo, B. viridis, B. calamita, Hyla arborea, Rana temporaria, R. arvalis, R. ridibunda, R. lessonae and Rana esculenta, geographical and habitat distribution, assemblage constitution, feeding, job, replica and improvement are defined. designated research of morphological version and the differentiation of populations through panorama areas are given. nearby difficulties of anthropogenic strain and method of species conservation are mentioned. The e-book can also serve a consultant to the amphibians of Belarus and should good be utilized by either experts and amateurs.
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Diptera and their larvae prevail in the food of metamorphs. , 1977). 7%. 2%) and some other prey were found (Padutov, 1983). Pool Frogs also eat fish spawn and young fishes in fishery ponds. This species has many natural enemies: different species of fishes, amphibians (R. ridibunda, B. bufo), reptiles (Natrix natrix), mammals (Ondatra zibethica, Lutra lutra, Mustela lutreola). Cannibalism is common in the forms of larva – larva, larva – egg and adult – metamorphs. The Pool Frog is resistant to anthropogenic factors.
Tadpoles 48 SERGEI M. DROBENKOV ET AL. are colored in olive tints and grow to 80–100 mm. The gill opening of the tadpole is located on the left side and directed backwards and upwards. The dimensions of metamorphs vary from 17–35 mm. This species has a strictly littoral mode of life. It lives and breeds in large water bodies with stagnant or flowing water such as lakes, water storage basins, ponds, rivers, dead channels and drainage channels. Quite often it occurs along rivers and pools in suburbs.
Time. This species more than any THE AMPHIBIANS OF BELARUS 39 other amphibians is resistant to drying. In a dry atmosphere the frog loses up to 30% of its mass without any harm, and rapidly rehydrates by visiting water or wet soil. The Tree Frog hibernates not far from wetlands in forest habitats in leaf debris, under pieces of tree bark laying on the ground, in tree butts, and in piles of brush. 5%). Flying insects play a noticeable role in the feeding of this species, and feeding does not stop during the breeding season.