By Edited by James O'Toole Edited by III Edward E Lawler
A better half to the hot American place of work , that is co-published with the Society for Human source administration and the Centre for powerful enterprises, this quantity comprises unique articles and groundbreaking examine, on place of work concerns in the United States at the present time from prime students within the fields of industrial, administration and human resources.
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Extra resources for America at Work: Choices and Challenges
Unions won 53 percent of these, yielding a total of approximately 160,000 new members. Another 420 decertification elections were held, however, and unions lost 65 percent of these, resulting in a loss of approximately 13,650 workers. These numbers, the proportion of wins and losses, and certification/decertification ratios have been relatively stable over the past decade (National Labor Relations Board 2004). Since one of the strongest predictors of union success in organizing is the degree of managerial opposition encountered, the ultimate irony is that by following this traditional organizing approach, it is largely American managers and their consultants, not American workers or unions, who decide who will be organized.
Furthermore, there is now growing evidence of the biological pathways linking psychosocial work stressors to health outcomes. Frankenhauser (1991) demonstrated that situations low in control produce catecholamine/cortisol imbalance. Other pathways involving coping skills and social support are also important in understanding how adverse work conditions can get under the skin. Taylor and Repetti (1997) noted that active coping and jobs that provide more decision latitude are more protective of health, and that social support from coworkers and supervisors (House 1981) can reduce the negative health effects of stressful work.
It is also noteworthy that perceptions of good safety conditions are associated with perceptions of organizational effectiveness and employee commitment. These results have clear implications for improvements in working conditions that can improve worker wellbeing and productivity. Organizations with both supportive supervisors and explicit concern for worker safety appear to have the most beneficial combination of work environment characteristics to promote worker health. Common Threads in Conditions of Work since 1972 Taken together, we might ask, what are the common threads in this history of change in the conditions of work over the last 30 years, and how might they have changed the nature of work stress and influenced health and well-being?