By James M. Woods
“In a masterful survey of analysis on Catholicism within the South, Woods has performed for that area what James Hennesey did for the Catholic Church within the usa in American Catholics.”—Gerald P. Fogarty, collage of Virginia
“This is a e-book we've got lengthy wanted. during the last 4 a long time the background of the evangelical culture within the South has been came upon and lots more and plenty written approximately, however the Catholic measurement of southern spiritual heritage has lagged in the back of within the historiography. ultimately here's a synthesis of virtually 3 centuries of the Catholic Church within the region.”—John B. Boles, Rice University
No Christian denomination has had an extended or extra assorted lifestyles within the American South than the Catholic Church. The Spanish missions tested in Florida and Texas promoted Catholicism. Catholicism was once the dominant faith one of the French who settled in Louisiana. sooner than the inflow of Irish immigrants within the 1840s, so much American Catholics lived south of the Mason-Dixon line. Anti-Catholic prejudice used to be by no means as powerful within the South as within the North or Midwest and was once infrequent within the sector prior to the 20th century.
James Woods’s sweeping heritage stretches from the 1st ecu payment of the continent throughout the finish of the Spanish-American warfare. The booklet is split into 3 detailed sections: the colonial period, the early Republic during the annexation of Texas in 1845, and the stormy latter 1/2 the 19th century. Woods can pay specific awareness to church/state kinfolk, project paintings and spiritual orders, the church and slavery, immigration to the South, and the event of Catholicism in a principally Protestant sector. He additionally highlights the contributions and careers of definite very important southern Catholics, either clerical and lay, and considers how the various Catholic ethnic and racial teams have expressed their faith—and their citizenship—through the centuries.
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Extra info for A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513-1900
He commended the Indians for attendance at Mass and for other outward signs of Catholic devotion. ”80 That devotion would be sorely tested in the coming decades. On the surface, Catholic missions in Florida seemed to be going well. 81 The Spanish even attempted to establish missions northward into southwestern Georgia and westward into the Florida panhandle past the Apalachicola River. Yet by the late 1680s these actions had largely failed. 82 In 1680 and 1697, Franciscans made attempts to establish missions among the Calusa Indians in southwestern Florida, yet neither effort lasted more than two months.
65 One custom the friars first accepted and then rejected was a game that involved kicking a deerskin ball, a game the Spanish named pelota. In this game, played primarily by the Apalachee Indians during the summer, one 18 d part i. The Colonial Context, 1513–1763 point was given for kicking the ball at a post, and seven points for kicking it into an eagle’s nest on top of the post. According to one friar’s description, some fifty to one hundred people could be on one side, and whole villages turned out to watch.
As loyal subjects under the care of the friars, the natives were not to be brutalized, exploited, or enslaved, yet they were required to be obedient to, and supportive of, Spanish interests. Clergy and laity saw no conflict in bringing Indians into The Spanish Catholic Mission to La Florida, 1513–1763 d 15 the Kingdoms of Christ and Castille. ”55 In the popular imagination, Spanish missions conjure up images of swallows returning to San Juan Capistrano or of a picturesque brick church erected in the late eighteenth century.