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By Joelle Rollo-Koster; Thomas M. Izbicki (editors)

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Extra info for A Companion to the Great Western Schism (1378-1417) (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition)

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65 Regardless of the precaution identified earlier, especially in the testimony of the abbot of Sistres, the Borgo was emptied. Higher-rank ecclesiastics present in Rome, mostly the bishops and cardinals, secured their goods and took refuge with friends and in convents. 66 Violence may also have been mixed with greed. Pierre de Cros, camerlengo of the dead Gregory, explains how, before the conclave, 62 See the testimonies of Brother Ferrier and Alvarès Gonzalve; Gayet, Le grand schisme, p. 215.

Six cardinals took shelter in Castel Sant’ Angelo and moved to surrounding castles during the night. 106 Eventually, the cardinals signed an affidavit allowing their colleagues to crown Prignano without them and joined the celebrations later in the day, when they again approved the election of Urban. 107 The thread of events recounted in many narratives of the 1378 election is corroborated by many other sources. But if the thread remains largely unchanged, each narrative adds details that complement the larger picture.

66 Violence may also have been mixed with greed. Pierre de Cros, camerlengo of the dead Gregory, explains how, before the conclave, 62 See the testimonies of Brother Ferrier and Alvarès Gonzalve; Gayet, Le grand schisme, p. 215. 63 I discuss the traditional pillaging that took place at the death and at the election of a popes in “Castrum Doloris: Rites of Vacant See and the Living Dead Pope in Schismatic Avignon,” pp. 245–77; “The Politics of Body Parts: Contested Topographies in Late Medieval Avignon,” pp.

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