"Knowing your epidemic" is key for everybody excited about the reaction to HIV. broadly illustrated with graphs and charts, this biennial document provides concise yet finished summaries of significant concerns within the worldwide AIDS reaction. Annexes offer HIV estimates and knowledge 2001 and 2007, and likewise nation growth symptoms.
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Extra info for 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
9% in 2006 (National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STIs, 2007). However, epidemics in Indonesia (especially in its Papua province), Pakistan, and Viet Nam are growing rapidly. In Viet Nam, the estimated number of people living with HIV more than doubled between 2000 and 2005 (Ministry of Health Injecting drug use is a major risk factor in the epidemics of several Asian countries. , 2006; Ministry of Health [China], 2006). High infection levels have been detected among injecting drug users in the north-eastern part of India and in several large cities outside the north-east, including in Tamil Nadu, where 24% of drug users were believed to Main modes of HIV transmission The several modes of HIV transmission make Asia’s epidemic one of the world’s most diverse.
30 2 0 0 8 R E P O RT O N T H E G L O BA L A I D S E P I D E M I C The most recent international epidemiological data contain some good news. In some countries in Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa, the annual number of new HIV infections is falling. The estimated rate of AIDS deaths has also declined, in part as a result of success in expanding access to antiretroviral drugs in S TAT U S O F T H E G L O BA L H I V E P I D E M I C resource-limited settings. Yet these favourable trends are not uniformly evident, either within or between regions, underscoring the need for more comprehensive progress in implementing effective policies and programmes.
Since revisions also affect historical trends, latest estimates should not be compared directly with estimates published in previous reports. Where this report cites epidemiological trends, revisions to historical estimates are given. The UNAIDS Secretariat and WHO will continue to update the HIV and AIDS estimation methods as new scientific data and research become available. On a global scale, the HIV epidemic has stabilized, although with unacceptably high levels of new HIV infections and AIDS deaths.